A Beginner’s Glossary Of Important Lab Testing Related Terms

Any lab that has a testing facility is bound to have different components part of it. It is a highly technical location that is filled with equipment that each have a specific purpose. Whether you are a patient having a test done or you are running the lab, you need to know about every facet of the lab. This is perhaps more essential for the latter. As a patient, it will help you understand your test and the results in a much better way. And for those of you who run their own establishment, it is a way of knowing what they are dealing with. So, here a few of the important terms that you should know about.

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This is when an idea is explained in a much clearer and elaborate manner. But to be more lab specific, it is the selection of part of a DNA sequence.

Blood Screening

When a disease has no real symptoms, it can be difficult to detect. With the technique of blood screening, it becomes easier to identify the cause. The process of identifying the reason behind the infection is made simpler.


It refers to the process of setting up the equipment that will be used for the testing. By calibrating the equipment, you can ensure that the results which are generated will be accurate.

Diagnostic Kit

A kit that can be used for a variety of diseases. It is used to monitor their progress so that the right kind of treatment can be provided.


When a sample is split up into various, it is fragmented. The process of doing this is known as fragmentation. Doing this will make it easier to study the sample.


They are also known as fatty acids. It is an important component of a blood test. Having your lipid profile checked regularly can help you in maintaining your health.

Normal Range

This refers to the range of values that an individual is expected to have. In other words, it should be normal. This range will depend on the person themselves. So it will differ on the basis of age, gender etc.

Peer Group

It refers to a group of labs who have the same operating procedures. They all follow the same guidelines and use the same equipment as well. This creates a sense of standardization among them.

Random Access

When the lab technician wants to conduct tests in a random order, it is known as random access. One reason for this happening would be the hierarchy of importance of the given tests.

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